Adam Richardson

React Toast Component and Custom Hook using Tailwindcss.

Adam Richardson / March 20, 2021

5 min read

React Toast Component and Custom Hook using Tailwindcss.
Toasts are basically just notifications. When you have a complex application or you need a lot of input from your users, giving them feedback on their actions is really important to their experience. Toasts are a great way to do this and here is a simple integration into a React application.

The first thing you need to do is setup a Global Toast Context. We're using useReducer with this context and you can see there is two actions, "ADD_TOAST" and "DELETE_TOAST". We can then easily add new toasts, and delete toasts from anywhere in our application. We're going to create a custom hook so that we don't have to use dispatch() directly.

context/ToastContext.js
import { createContext, useReducer, useContext } from 'react';

const ToastStateContext = createContext({ toasts: [] });
const ToastDispatchContext = createContext(null);

function ToastReducer(state, action) {
  switch (action.type) {
    case 'ADD_TOAST': {
      return {
        ...state,
        toasts: [...state.toasts, action.toast],
      };
    }
    case 'DELETE_TOAST': {
      const updatedToasts = state.toasts.filter((e) => e.id != action.id);
      return {
        ...state,
        toasts: updatedToasts,
      };
    }
    default: {
      throw new Error('unhandled action');
    }
  }
}

export function ToastProvider({ children }) {
  const [state, dispatch] = useReducer(ToastReducer, {
    toasts: [],
  });

  return (
    <ToastStateContext.Provider value={state}>
      <ToastDispatchContext.Provider value={dispatch}>
        {children}
      </ToastDispatchContext.Provider>
    </ToastStateContext.Provider>
  );
}

export const useToastStateContext = () => useContext(ToastStateContext);
export const useToastDispatchContext = () => useContext(ToastDispatchContext);

We're now going to create two components. A Toast container that will be at the root of our application so that we can display these anywhere. We're also going to create a Toast component which is what will be displayed inside the Toast Container.

Toast Component

As you can see, this component is taking in a type and a message and it's configured to take in two types right now. Success and Error.

components/Toast.jsx
import { useToastDispatchContext } from '../context/ToastContext';
export default function Toast({ type, message, id }) {
  const dispatch = useToastDispatchContext();
  return (
    <>
      {type == 'success' && (
        <div className="rounded-md bg-green-50 p-4 m-3">
          <div className="flex">
            <div className="flex-shrink-0">
              <svg
                className="h-5 w-5 text-green-400"
                xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
                viewBox="0 0 20 20"
                fill="currentColor"
                aria-hidden="true">
                <path
                  fillRule="evenodd"
                  d="M10 18a8 8 0 100-16 8 8 0 000 16zm3.707-9.293a1 1 0 00-1.414-1.414L9 10.586 7.707 9.293a1 1 0 00-1.414 1.414l2 2a1 1 0 001.414 0l4-4z"
                  clipRule="evenodd"
                />
              </svg>
            </div>
            <div className="ml-3">
              <p className="text-sm font-medium text-green-800">{message}</p>
            </div>
            <div className="ml-auto pl-3">
              <div className="-mx-1.5 -my-1.5">
                <button
                  onClick={() => {
                    dispatch({ type: 'DELETE_TOAST', id });
                  }}
                  className="inline-flex bg-green-50 rounded-md p-1.5 text-green-500 hover:bg-green-100 focus:outline-none focus:ring-2 focus:ring-offset-2 focus:ring-offset-green-50 focus:ring-green-600">
                  <span className="sr-only">Dismiss</span>

                  <svg
                    className="h-5 w-5"
                    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
                    viewBox="0 0 20 20"
                    fill="currentColor"
                    aria-hidden="true">
                    <path
                      fillRule="evenodd"
                      d="M4.293 4.293a1 1 0 011.414 0L10 8.586l4.293-4.293a1 1 0 111.414 1.414L11.414 10l4.293 4.293a1 1 0 01-1.414 1.414L10 11.414l-4.293 4.293a1 1 0 01-1.414-1.414L8.586 10 4.293 5.707a1 1 0 010-1.414z"
                      clipRule="evenodd"
                    />
                  </svg>
                </button>
              </div>
            </div>
          </div>
        </div>
      )}
      {type == 'error' && (
        <div className="rounded-md bg-red-50 p-4 m-3">
          <div className="flex">
            <div className="flex-shrink-0">
              <svg
                class="h-5 w-5 text-red-400"
                xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
                viewBox="0 0 20 20"
                fill="currentColor"
                aria-hidden="true">
                <path
                  fillRule="evenodd"
                  d="M10 18a8 8 0 100-16 8 8 0 000 16zM8.707 7.293a1 1 0 00-1.414 1.414L8.586 10l-1.293 1.293a1 1 0 101.414 1.414L10 11.414l1.293 1.293a1 1 0 001.414-1.414L11.414 10l1.293-1.293a1 1 0 00-1.414-1.414L10 8.586 8.707 7.293z"
                  clipRule="evenodd"
                />
              </svg>
            </div>
            <div className="ml-3">
              <p className="text-sm font-medium text-red-800">{message}</p>
            </div>
            <div className="ml-auto pl-3">
              <div className="-mx-1.5 -my-1.5">
                <button
                  onClick={() => {
                    dispatch({ type: 'DELETE_TOAST', id });
                  }}
                  className="inline-flex bg-red-50 rounded-md p-1.5 text-red-500 hover:bg-red-100 focus:outline-none focus:ring-2 focus:ring-offset-2 focus:ring-offset-green-50 focus:ring-red-600">
                  <span className="sr-only">Dismiss</span>

                  <svg
                    className="h-5 w-5"
                    xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
                    viewBox="0 0 20 20"
                    fill="currentColor"
                    aria-hidden="true">
                    <path
                      fillRule="evenodd"
                      d="M4.293 4.293a1 1 0 011.414 0L10 8.586l4.293-4.293a1 1 0 111.414 1.414L11.414 10l4.293 4.293a1 1 0 01-1.414 1.414L10 11.414l-4.293 4.293a1 1 0 01-1.414-1.414L8.586 10 4.293 5.707a1 1 0 010-1.414z"
                      clipRule="evenodd"
                    />
                  </svg>
                </button>
              </div>
            </div>
          </div>
        </div>
      )}
    </>
  );
}

Toast Container

The toast container is positioned absolute and will live at the top of our application.

components/ToastContainer.jsx

import Toast from './Toast';
import { useToastStateContext } from '../context/ToastContext';

export default function ToastContainer() {
  const { toasts } = useToastStateContext();

  return (
    <div className="absolute bottom-10 w-full z-50">
      <div className="max-w-xl mx-auto">
        {toasts &&
          toasts.map((toast) => (
            <Toast
              id={toast.id}
              key={toast.id}
              type={toast.type}
              message={toast.message}
            />
          ))}
      </div>
    </div>
  );
}

Bringing it together

We're now going to bring all this logic together so that we can use the Toast notifications within our application. This is a Next.js application so we're adding our logic to the _app.js file.

pages/_app.js
import 'tailwindcss/tailwind.css';
import ToastContainer from '../components/ToastContainer';
import { ToastProvider } from '../context/ToastContext';
function MyApp({ Component, pageProps }) {
  return (
    <>
      <ToastProvider>
        <Component {...pageProps} />
        <ToastContainer />
      </ToastProvider>
    </>
  );
}

export default MyApp;

The custom hook.

The custom hook will be how we send off notifications. You can see we export a single function from the hook, which is toast(). We can now import this anywhere within our application and send off toast notifications.

hooks/useToast.js
import { useToastDispatchContext } from '../context/ToastContext';

export function useToast(delay) {
  const dispatch = useToastDispatchContext();

  function toast(type, message) {
    const id = Math.random().toString(36).substr(2, 9);
    dispatch({
      type: 'ADD_TOAST',
      toast: {
        type,
        message,
        id,
      },
    });

    setTimeout(() => {
      dispatch({ type: 'DELETE_TOAST', id });
    }, delay);
  }

  return toast;
}

Using the toast

This example is using the toast with a form submission. If you noticed were passing a delay to the useToast hook, which is 4 seconds here. This will mean the Toast is deleted after 4 seconds.

pages/index.js
import { useToast } from '../hooks/useToast';

export default function Home() {
  const { register, handleSubmit, errors, reset } = useForm();
  const toast = useToast(4000);

  const router = useRouter();
  async function onSubmitForm(values) {
    try {
      const response = await axios(config);
      console.log(response);
      if (response.status == 200) {
        toast('success', 'You have successfully submitted the form');
      }
    } catch (err) {
      toast('error', 'Something went wrong, there was an error.');
    }
  }

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